Causalidad, políticas públicas y experimentos controlados aleatorios ¿Es posible un laboratorio social?
This paper aims to carry out a theoretical-epistemological analysis of one of the most relevant problems in modern social sciences: causality. We will also refer to the standardized study methodologies that have arose from this. Following Nancy Cartwright's approaches, we will evaluate the effectiveness of evidence-based policies, specifically, randomized controlled trials, as one of the foundations for evidence-based public policies’ formulation. We will inquire about a possible lack of efficacy of randomized controlled trials, as a consequence of the methodological determinism that has accompanied their construction and development. We intend to reflect on the importance of non-quantifiable factors in social research, and finally, demystify the research approach that proposes causality as a gold principle of social phenomena.
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