Sistema tonal vs sistema atonal: Reflejo del pensamiento filosófico
The objective of this article is to compare the tonal and atonal music systems, and understand how the change in the philosophical ideas from the nineteenth century on is reflected in the way of understanding and writing contemporary music. To reach this goal we will define tonality and atonality. Additionally we will analyze the aesthetic changes and the transformation of the worldview through the new ideas based on rationalism, positivism and subjectivism. We will find the relationship between the concepts of liberty, beauty and message that are transmitted through art, specifically by the means of music, throughout historical events and ideological changes.
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