El intelecto agente y las habilidades cognoscitivas humanas en el paleolítico inferior
Two different processes are found in human evolution: the process of hominization and the process of humanization (Jordana, 1988, p. 97) (Polo, 2016, p.9). The first refers to the morphological changes that culminate in H sapiens and the second refers to the cultural achievements. Until the end of the last century it was thought that cultural achievements of hominid types such as Australopithecines, H. habilis and H. erectus obeyed to sensitive knowledge, specifically the cognitive operation of the imagination which does not require the abstraction to think in a sensory way. Intellectual thought was only recognized in H. sapiens including the archaic H. sapiens because of the symbolic meaning associated with works and behaviours such as rock art and burials. Sensitive knowledge refers to the imaginative association and the use of the most rudimentary conditional reasoning: if A then B (Polo, 2016, p. 17). However, the discoveries in experimental archaeology of the last two decades claim abstract knowledge for the manufacture of the oldest stone tools known which date to 3.3 million years ago (Byrne, 2018, in press) (Harman et al, 2015, p. 310). What philosophical validity have these archaeological advances? How are such recent advances integrated into Polo's transcendental anthropology? This article is a brief answer to these questions.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors publishing in our Journal comply to the following terms:
1. Authors keep their work’s copyrights, but they guarantee Colloquia to be the first publisher of their papers. They grant the Journal with a Creative Commons Attribution License, under which their work can be shared with the condition that it is appropriately cited.
2. Authors can establish further clauses for non-exclusive distribution, such as publication on a separate book or placing in an institutional data-base. Nevertheless, a note should be always added to explain that the paper was originally published in Colloquia.
This Journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a file distributed among participating libraries, allowing these libraries to create permanent archives of the Journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More information...